Document Type : Original Article
Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Instituto Literario No. 100, Col. Centro, C. P. 50000, Toluca, México.
This paper describes the classification of the $n$-fold symmetric product of a finite graph by means of its homotopy type, having as universal models the $n$-fold symmetric product of the wedge of $n$-circles; and introduces a CW-complex called $binomial\ torus$, which is homeomorphic to a space that is a strong deformation retract of the second symmetric products of the wedge of $n$-circles. Applying the above we calculate the fundamental group, Euler characteristic, homology and cohomology groups of the second symmetric product of finite graphs.